埃塞俄比亚-提格雷的仙人掌(Cactus in Tigray,Ethiopia)

地点:埃塞提格雷州南区、东南区
        小时候,我也种过仙人掌。找一个陶制的花盆,装满黄土,在同学家掰一片嫩绿的、刺还柔软的仙人掌插进去,然后每天盼着长大。一年到头也只能长几片,不过十几厘米,到冬天还需要搬进屋保暖,防止冻死。
        我们那的人都说,仙人掌每三年开一次花,想见一次并不容易。可我的仙人掌并没有活过三年的,有的在夏天旱死了,有的越长越矮,最终被扔掉了,因此我没有亲眼看到我的仙人掌长大,更没有机会看到他开花。
        2016年,在阿克拉Adabraka一座加油站的墙角,我第一次见到长成木本的仙人掌,激动地发了一条记录历史的朋友圈。

        想要看到更大的世界,就要去不同的地方。到提格雷我才发现,这里的仙人掌打破了我二十多年对仙人掌的正常认知。在这里,仙人掌基本不具有观赏功能,而另有别用。
        当看到两排蜿蜒延伸、看不见尽头的仙人掌时,我才发现,这是一条通往某村庄的道路,宽度恰好满足一辆马车、尘土飞扬的羊肠小道就隐匿在葱葱的仙人掌丛里。当看到一座房子,想进入时才发现,严严实实的仙人掌墙已经让人无法靠近,只得乖乖寻找入口。荒地长满的不是野草,不是大树,而是连片的仙人掌,牢牢地占领着每一寸土地,不给其他树木一点生存空间……
无人机拍摄,生长在Raya Azebo Woreda的大片仙人掌,我们修建的Woldia至Mekelle铁路从中穿行而过    ∨

项目经理部营地外荒地里的仙人掌,不仅高,而且密,对比我178的身高?……    ∨
        大片的荒地意味着大片的仙人掌。除了骆驼之外,没有其他动物以仙人掌为食,这使他们肆无忌惮的生长,以至于成了木本植物。粗壮的树干歪歪斜斜倒在落满刺的土地上,给人一种将要成精的错觉。看似枯死的枝干顶端却不断孕育出嫩绿的小耳朵。
感觉像是成精的仙人掌?    ∨
        荒地也有很多蜿蜒通向仙人掌从深处的羊肠小道,上面堆满了腐烂的叶片和依然坚硬的刺,穿硬底鞋才是最好的选择 。
仙人掌才是这块地的真正霸主??    ∨
        由于气候适宜,其他仙人掌科的植物更胜一筹,遍布当地村民的房前屋后、农田四周。整齐密植仙人掌和相关植物把院落和农田围得甚至不能钻过一条狗。对他们来说,看家护院是仙人掌的第一功能。
还有比仙人掌更高的其他仙人掌科植物???    ∨
        有大片的仙人掌就有大量的果实。我原以为,到了仙人掌的花期,会有大片金黄色的仙人掌花海,但是从3月至5月,花海没有如期到来。偶尔能看见三五多花同时绽放在同一叶片上。花期过后,却惊讶地发现叶片上拥挤的果实。
4月,阳光下金黄的仙人掌花    ∨

十三太保,这是一个高产的叶片!!!    ∨

这同样是一个高产的叶片!!!    ∨
        过了花期,进入七月初,仙人掌果逐渐成熟,从绿色变为黄色,至深红色。这是当地人的时令水果之一,也是提格雷州从城市到农村,遍布大街小巷的特产。仙人掌高大、长满利刺,采摘成了最有难度,也是最有乐趣的事情。一根长木棍,顶端用铁丝系一个从中间切开的塑料可乐瓶,伸向果子,轻轻套住,向左右一掰,果子就掉进了瓶子,采摘就算完成。
枝头成熟待摘的果子,红绿相间    ∨

默克莱街头摆放整齐,待出售的果子,每个3比尔 (大约6毛钱一个)  ∨

       不知道是因为仙人掌果的含糖量高还是因为苍蝇对他情有独钟。摆在街头的果子总能吸引大批苍蝇,这使小贩不得不一直用树枝驱赶或者用麻袋覆盖。

项目周边小镇Mohoni街头待出售的果子    ∨

        仙人掌果和火龙果同属仙人掌科,因此和火龙果类似,皮和肉是分离的,只需要用刀切开,就可以轻易取出果肉。仙人掌果的味道味道和红火龙果相似,甜度大。最大的不同在于种子的尺寸,仙人掌果的种子不仅多,而且大,半颗西瓜子的尺寸。吃完一口就需要吐出难以下咽的种子。

没有熟透的果子,皮和肉颜色不同,熟透之后颜色相同    ∨
从中间切开的果实    ∨
吃完以后吐出来的籽?    ∨
最后出大招,献上切和吃仙人果过的Vlog?    ∨

 


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34 thoughts on “埃塞俄比亚-提格雷的仙人掌(Cactus in Tigray,Ethiopia)”

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